Hadigro’s Child Development Guide

Parenting is sometimes called a challenging full-time job, busy 24/7 with a high level of responsibility for the process that prepares the child for independence. Children grow physically, mentally, and emotionally and a parent can help a child in many ways to thrive in the best way.

Parents are often concerned about how to properly change parenting strategies in relation to the growth and development of their children. Daily stress, lack of information, fear of being a bad parent - all this can become a big problem.

In order to make this tremendous burden a little bit easier, we would like to present to you Hadigro’s Child Development Guide. As a child grows and develops, his needs and requirements change. And our guide is aimed to help parents cope with fears and get information about positive parenting, safety, and health at every stage of a child's life.

In our guide, we'll cover the following age groups:

  • Toddlers (1-2)
  • Preschoolers (3-5)
  • School-age children (6-9)
  • Tweens (10-12)
  • Teens (13 -18)

Toddlers (1-2)

Children of this age develop very quickly, strive to move a lot, be aware of themselves and their surroundings, and learn about the world. At this stage, babies tend to be more independent and improve the expression of their desires as they develop new language skills.

Toddlers are often prone to outbursts of anger and tantrums because they do not yet know how to cope with stress. It's not for nothing that they are called “terrible twos”, so the following discipline tips are recommended here:

  • Providing physical guidance
  • Praising good behavior
  • Removing a child from the disturbing situation
  • Ignoring mild misbehavior

Positive Parenting Tips

  1. Child-proof your home and encourage a toddler to explore and try new things.
  2. Encourage your child's growing independence by allowing him to dress and feed himself.
  3. Play matching games, read to a toddler, take walking trips to the park together.
  4. Provide potty training.
  5. Ensure that your toddler is eating a healthy diet, and getting plenty of sleep and physical activity.
  6. Take appropriate safety precautions during their new-found mobility.
Learning more about your child’s development can be key to helping you be a confident parent. Check other articles on our blog and different resources that will help you be prepared to deal with everything — from tantrums to potty training.

Preschoolers (3-5)

Preschoolers will gain a little more control over their emotions and show interest in learning, playing with other children, and pleasing their parents.

During this stage, children should be able to ride a tricycle, use safety scissors, notice a difference between girls and boys, help to dress and undress themselves, play with other children, recall part of a story, and sing a song.

When we are talking about disciplining a preschooler, prevention can be the best strategy. Here are more discipline tips that might work best for your family:

  • Taking away privileges
  • Creating a reward system
  • Establishing a day routine
  • Placing a preschool in time-out or calming corner

We recommend being clear and consistent when disciplining your child. Explain and show the behavior that you expect from them.

Positive Parenting Tips

  1. Take care of a healthy diet and good sleep habits.
  2. Continue reading and playing games together with your child.
  3. Encourage your child to play with other children.
  4. Let your child help with simple chores.
  5. Help your child develop good language skills by speaking to him using the correct words and phrases.
  6. Help your child through the steps to solve problems.

Make sure your child gets the recommended amount of sleep each night: For preschoolers 3-5 years, 10–13 hours per 24 hours (including naps). Also, it is very important to teach children to enjoy fruits, vegetables, and whole grains at meals and snacks. The child of this age should eat and drink only a limited amount of food and beverages that contain added sugars, solid fats, or salt.

Keep in mind that preschool-aged children (ages 3 to 5) should be physically active for at least 90 to 120 minutes throughout the day for optimal growth and development.

School-age children (6-9)

Starting school brings children of this age into regular social engagement with the larger world. Physical, social, and mental skills develop quickly at this time. This is a critical time for children to develop confidence in all areas of life, such as through friends, schoolwork, and sports.

Discipline strategies for school-age children ought to incorporate both positive and negative results. It’s recommended to show a negative outcome, such as removing your youngster's gadgets, when they disrupt the norms. Also, it’s great to offer encouraging feedback for good behavior, as well.

Positive Parenting Tips

  1. Help children develop a sense of responsibility—ask them to help with household tasks, such as setting the table.
  2. Teach your child the importance of caring for their own body and make them motivated in caring for their own hygiene in case they don’t show any interest.
  3. Talk with your child about school, friends, and things she looks forward to in the future.
  4. Make clear rules and stick to them, such as how long your child can watch TV or when she has to go to bed.
  5. Prize them for doing daily tasks and recognize their accomplishments.
  6. Do fun activities such as playing games, reading, and going to events together as a family.
Parents should practice healthy eating habits and daily physical activity. At this age parents usually teach their children to watch out for traffic and how to be safe when walking to school, riding a bike, and playing outside.

Tweens (10-12)

This is an important time for children to gain a sense of responsibility along with their growing independence. Also, physical changes of puberty might be showing by now, especially for girls. Another big change children need to prepare for during this time is starting middle or junior high school.

Changes in hormones often cause mood swings and changes in behavior. The child begins the separation process from the parent and prefers to spend time with friends, which signals normal development. Parents should try to find effective discipline strategies, which may include:

  • Creating a behavior contract
  • Taking away privileges for breaking rules
  • Allowing some freedom to make mistakes and watch for natural consequences.
  • Engaging in the problem-solving process

Positive Parenting Tips

  1. Spend time with your child. Talk about their friends, their accomplishments, and challenges.
  2. Involve your child in household tasks like cleaning and cooking. Talk about saving and spending money wisely.
  3. Be sure to establish clear rules regarding using smartphones and the internet to keep your child safe.
  4. Help your child set his own goals and develop their talents, skills, and abilities.
  5. Talk with your child about the normal physical and emotional changes of puberty.
  6. Be affectionate and honest with your child, and enjoy entertaining and educational events together as a family.
Parents should help their tweens to experience puberty because it might be scary and confusing. So, open talks about their changing bodies, healthy relationships, and first romantic feelings might be useful for them during that journey.

Teens (13 -18)

Teens often have concerns about their body size, shape, or weight. During this time, teens are developing their unique personalities and opinions. This is also an important time to prepare for more independence and responsibility; many teenagers start working, and many will be leaving home soon after high school.

The most effective teen discipline includes rewarding for good behavior and consequences for bad behavior. If they try to ignore their responsibilities, parents should limit the benefits and rewards they desire.

Positive Parenting Tips

  1. Teach them new problem-solving strategies.
  2. Make sure their safety include risk-taking issues.
  3. Show interest in your teen’s school and encourage them to become involved in activities such as sports, music, theater, and art.
  4. Compliment your teen and celebrate their efforts and accomplishments.
  5. Respect your teen’s opinion. Listen to them without playing down their concerns.
  6. Respect your teen’s need for privacy.
Modern teens are highly engaged in interactive internet media such as games, chat rooms, and instant messaging. Parents should encourage to make good decisions about the content they post and the amount of time they spend on online activities.

In terms of physical activity, children and teens aged 6 to 17 should do 60 minutes (1 hour) or more of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity each day, including daily aerobic – and activities that strengthen bones (like running or jumping) – 3 days each week, and that build muscles (like climbing or doing push-ups) – 3 days each week.

This may sound like a lot, but don’t worry! Your child may already be meeting the recommended physical activity levels. However, if there is little physical activity in their daily routine, check the activitieson our website. You’ll discover all the easy and enjoyable ways to help your child meet the recommendations.

A word from Hadigro

According to the research about the biggest worries for parents in 2020, 64% of parents mention limiting social media use/screen time as the biggest concern of modern time. A lack of physical activity in early childhood could bring many health problems. A few of such problems could be excess body fat, weight gain, high blood pressure, bad cholesterol, and bone health problems. The health benefits of physical activities outweigh the negatives.

Here at Hadigro, we believe that parenting is the most joyful and adventurous journey and ready to assist parents in trying different wonderful activities for children to help them stay healthy and discover their passion in life.

Want more information and inspiration on how to help your child keep healthy and engaged in physical and entertaining activities? Just check out events available, click “Book” the event you like best, and you’re all set!